(Note: This PDF file of this bibliography may be better
I. HISTORICAL ANTHOLOGIES
Gettleman, Marvin and Stuart Schaar, eds., The Middle
Islamic World Reader (New
York: Grove Press, 2003). A compre-
hensive collection of mainly primary
sources, surveying 14 cen-
turies of Islamic Middle Eastern history.
Hourani, Albert, Philip S. Khoury, & Mary
C. Wilson, eds.,
The Modern Middle East: A Reader (Berkeley and Los Angeles:
versity of California Press, 1993). A
useful compilation of scholar-
Khater, Akram Fouad, Sources in the History
of the Modern Middle
and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004).
Primary sources on the Middle East and North Africa, 19 to 21
Williams, John Alden, The World of Islam (Austin:
Texas Press, 1994). A well-chosen collection
of primary sources
on early Islam, skillfully translated.
International Journal of Middle East Studies (IJMES).
under he auspices of the Middle
East Studies Association of North
America at the University
of Michigan, by Cambridge University
West 20th St.,] New York, NY 10011).
The main English-
language refereed journal
East Report. Published monthly by the Middle East Research
& Information Project (MERIP) by Blackwell
Publishers, Inc., 350
Main Street, Malden, MA 02148). The best progressive review of
contemporary events in the region. Worth
subscribing to at
WORKS ON THE MIDDLE EAST
Andersen, Roy R., Robert F. Seibert, Jon
G. Wagner, Politics and
Change in the Middle
East: Sources of Conflict and Accommod-
ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003).
textbook that offers one of the best available
the society and politics of the Middle
East. Especially good on
refuting crude western stereotypes of
Arabs and Muslims.
Burke, Edmund, III, ed., Struggle and
Survival in the Modern Mid-
dle East (Berkeley,
CA: University of California Press, 1993). One
of the modern classics of Middle Eastern
social history, contain-
ing biographies of people, some well known,
and others not so.
William L., A History of the Modern Middle East (2nd ed.,
Boulder, CO: Westview, 2000).
The best English-language textbook
on 19th and 20th century Middle Eastern
Egger, Vernon O., A History of the Muslim World to 1405: The Making
of a Civilization (Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall,
2004). Text and primary documents covering
the first 8 centuries of
Eickelman, Dale, The Modern Middle East
and Central Asia: An Anthro-
pological Approach (4th ed., Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall,
2001). Another insightful anthropological introduction.
Fromkin, David, A Peace to End All Peace:
The Fall of the Ottoman
Empire and the Creation
of the Modern Middle East (New York: Avon
Books, 1989). A well-written, although
tary analysis of World War I, British
duplicity, and post-war
emergence of Turkey.
Humphreys, R. Stephen, Between Memory
and Desire: The Middle East
in a Troubled Age (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press,
1999). One of the best analyses of the
contemporary Middle East,
providing a needed corrective to Bernard
Lewis’ work (below p. 3).
McCarthy, Justin, The Ottoman Turks:
An Introductory History to 1923
(London and New York: Longman, 1997).
Clearly written survey.
Owen, Roger, State, Power and Politics
in the Making of the Modern
Middle East (2nd
ed., New York: Routledge, 2000). A
analysis of the dynamics of the Middle
Eastern state system.
Said, Edward, Orientalism (New York:
Vintage Books, 1978). A classic
work analyzing the west’s deep-seated
misunderstanding of the Islam-
ic world. To be supplemented by Macfie,
Alexander Lyons, ed.,
Orientalism: A Reader (New
York: New York University
A collection of essays on Orientalism
by Said, his supporters and
Stivers, William, America’s
Confrontation with Revolutionary Change
In The Middle
East (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986). The best
historical analysis of U.S. policy
on the Middle East.
Yapp, M.E., The Near
East Since the First World War: A History to 1995
(2nd ed., New
York: Longman, 1996). A reliable encyclopedic survey.
Yergin, Daniel, The Prize: The Epic Quest
for Oil, Money & Power
reissued, New York: Free Press, 1993). Pulitzer prize-win-
ning historical study of the worldwide
oil industry seen mainly
from the vantage of the oil companies.
Al-Azmeh, Aziz, Islams and Modernities (London
and New York: Verso,
1996). A penetrating view into the diversity
of Islamic practices
and regional differences in the Muslim
world. A good corrective
to the essentialized concept of “Islam”
current in western scholar-
ship, and also in popular and journalistic
Arkoun, Mohammed, Rethinking Islam: Common
from the French and edited by Robert D.
Lee (Boulder, CO: Westview,
1994). One of the leading contemporary
scholars of Islam presents a
Bulliet, Richard W., Islam: The View
from the Edge (New York: Colum-
bia University Press,
1995). A Middle Eastern medievalist, Bulliet
argues that most Muslims can live without an Islamic state since
lives revolve around powerful social
structures, which order their
Cole, Juan R., Sacred Space and Holy
War: The Politics, Culture and
History of Shi‘ite Islam (New York: I.B. Tauris, 2002). A masterful
study of the subject.
Denny, Frederick M., An Introduction
to Islam (New York: Macmillan,
1993). An excellent introduction to Islam as a religious
Hodgson, Marshall G.S., The Venture of Islam: Conscience and Hi-
story in a World Civilization (3
vols., (Chicago: University
Chicago Press, 1974). Still pertinent after 30
years, this classic
study of Islam’s rich diversity, places
its vast subject within a
Lewis, Bernard, “Roots of Muslim Rage,” Atlantic Monthly, Sept.,
1990, a grim perspective by a much-touted
against whom the late Edward Said sparred
for years. Said’s
“Clash of Ignorance,” The Nation, October
22, 2001, is a vigorous
polemic against Lewis and a similarly
oriented Samuel Huntington
who wrote on The Clash of Civilizations between
the West and the
Islamic World. (Both Lewis’ and Said‘s
pieces are in Gettleman/
Schaar, The Middle East and Islamic
World Reader, reading # 36).
Schimmel, Annemarie, Islam: An Introduction (Albany, NY: State
University of New York Press, 1992). A general survey by a leading
authority on Sufism, or mystical Islam.
Watt, Montgomery, Muhammad: Statesman
and Prophet (New York:
Press, 1990). An abridgment of two earlier books
by the eminent author.
Ahmed, Leila, Women and Gender in Islam (New
Haven, CT: Yale Univer-
sity Press, 1992). A scholarly study
of women throughout Islamic
Gettleman/Schaar, The Middle East and
Islamic World Reader, readings
# 4, 9, 15a and c, and 33 a and b all
deal with women and gender.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and
John L. Esposito, eds., Islam, Gender
and Social Change (London
and New York: Oxford University Press,
how Muslim women have struggled to de
across North Africa, the
Middle East and South Asia.
Kandiyoti, Deniz, ed., Women, Islam & the
State (Philadelphia: Temple
University Press, 1991). Covers Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Iran,
Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Turkey and Yemen.
Keddie, Nikki R., and Beth Baron, eds., Women
in Middle Eastern
History: Shifting Boundaries
in Sex and Gender (New
Yale University Press,
1991). Important studies on women and gender.
Meriwether, Margaret L. and Judith Tucker,
eds., A Social History of
Women and Gender in the
Modern Middle East (Boulder, CO:
1999). Useful collection including historiographical
Schimmel, Annemarie, My
Soul Is a Woman: The Feminine in Islam (New
and London: Continuum, 2003). Through an examination
sacred texts and social
customs the author explores both Islamic
doctrines and feminism.
Tucker, Judith, ed., Arab
Women: Old Boundaries New Frontiers (Bloom-
ington and Indianapolis,
IN: Indiana University Press, 1993. Treats
gender discourses -- women’s
work, politics and gender roles.
Walther, Wibke, Women in
Islam from Medieval to Modern Times, trans-
lated from the German by
C.S. Salt (Princeton, NJ: Markus Weiner,
1992). Insightful historical
Baker, Raymond William, Islam Without
Fear: Egypt and the New Islam-
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003). This veter-
an scholar of Egypt, examines the varieties
of Muslim conviction
along the Nile.
Barakat, Halim, The Arab World: Society,
Culture, and State (Berkeley
Angeles: University of California Press, 1993). Wide-rang-
ing views of a
sociologist and novelist originally from Syria.
Bushnaq, Inea, ed., Arab Folktales (New
York: Pantheon, 1986). Beaut-
ifully-translated collection of folk literature,
offering much in-
into Arab culture.
Jill, Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in
Kuwait and Qatar (Cambridge, UK and New
York: Cambridge Univer-
sity Press, 1995. Fascinating account
about how the Kuwaiti mer-
chants abdicated their political power
in return for regular oil
Fandy, Mamoun, Saudi
Arabia and the Politics of Dissent (New
St. Martin’s Press, 1999). Description of the sources of instabi-
ity in the oil-rich desert kingdom.
Gendzier, Irene, Notes
From the Minefield: United States Intervention
in Lebanon and the Middle East, 1945-1958 (Boulder, CO: Westview,
archival research reveals the larger patterns of U.S.
global policy in the post-World
Hinnebusch, Raymond A., Syria: Revolution From Above (London and
New York: Routledge, 2002). The best view into
developments in a
country that might be a future U.S. military target.
Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab
Peoples (Cambridge, MA: Bel-
knap Press of Harvard University
Press, 1991). Highly readable, po-
litical and cultural study, but skimpy
on social history.
Khalidi, Rashid, Lisa Anderson, Muhammad
Muslih and Reeva S. Simon,
eds., The Origins of Arab Nationalism (New
York: Columbia University
Press, 1991). Presents the most up-to-date
scholarship on this important
Rodinson, Maxime, The Arabs, translated
from the French by Arthur
Goldhammer (Chicago: The University of
Chicago Press, 1981). In-
sightful though dated synthesis by a veteran
Salibi, Kamal, A House of Many Mansions:
The History of Lebanon Re-
and Los Angeles: University of California Press,
1988). Still the best history of the country.
Sluglett, Marion Farouk- and Peter Sluglett, Iraq since
1958: From Re-
volution to Dictatorship (revised, London & New York: I.B. Tauris,
2001). An important, deeply researched,
Weaver, Mary Anne, A Portrait of Egypt:
A Journey Through the World
of Militant Islam (revised
ed., New York: Farrar, Straus
2000). Vividly-written collection of New
VI. AFGHANISTAN, IRAN, PAKISTAN, TURKEY
Abrahamian, Ervand, Iran Between
Two Revolutions (Princeton, NJ.:
Princeton University Press, 1982). Comprehensive analysis of causes
of Iranian revolution of 1979 which ultimately
Khomeini to power, to be supplemented
by the same author’s “1953
Coup in Iran,”
Science & Society, Summer, 2001.
Keddie, Nikki R., Modern Iran:
Roots and Results of Revolution (New
Haven: Yale University
Press, 2003). One of the best histories.
Macfie, A.L., Ataturk (London and
New York: Longman, 1994). A
biography that unfolds the creation of
Rashid, Ahmad, Taliban: Militant Islam,
Oil and Fundamentalism in
Central Asia (New
Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000). Clear-
ly written, informed analysis of the Taliban’s
rise to power, by a
distinguished Pakistani journalist, whose Jihad:
The Rise of Mili-
tant Islam in Central
Asia (Yale, 2002) takes the argument to coun-
tries north of Afghanistan.
Rubin, Barnett R., The Fragmentation
and Collapse in the International
ed., New Haven, CT:
Yale University Press,
2002). Authoritative, sophisticated study of
the background of the 2001-2002 U.S. war
Ziring, Lawrence, Pakistan:
At the Crosscurrent of History (Oxford,
UK: One World Publications,
2004). Good introduction to the coun-
try by a seasoned political scientist,
which can be supplemented by
Barry Bearak’s “Pakistan: A Journey Through a State of Disequili-
brium,” New York Times Magazine,
Dec. 7, 2003.
NATIONALISM AND ZIONISM
Bickerton, Ian J. and Carla L. Klausner, A
Concise History of the
Arab- Israeli Conflict (4th
ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
Hall, 2002). The best introduction to
materials on the subject,
containing many primary source documents.
Chomsky, Noam, Middle East Illusions (Lanham, MD:
and Littlefield, 2003), update of the
eminent linguist’s 1974 Peace
in the Middle East,
adding new material on the Arab-Israeli con-
flict and the U.S. role
in it. Chomsky advocates a bi-national state
as a solution to the conflict.
Dowty, Alan, The Jewish State (Berkeley, CA: The University of Cali-
Press, 1998). A
sympathetic but not uncritical view of
Israel’s development since statehood by this
scholar who often
teaches and lives in Israel.
Enderlin, Charles and Robert D. Hack, eds., Shattered
Failure of the Peace
Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002, trans-
from the French by Susan Fairfield (New York: Other Press,
2003). Jerusalem journalist for the French television
France 2, Enderlin, and his co-editor have compiled
a richly docu-
mented account of the failure of the Oslo
2003. An unofficial effort by prominent Israeli
Palestinian negotiators meeting in Geneva, Switzerland to complete
the 2001 Taba negotiations for a 2-state
solution (the Taba text is
in Gettleman/Schaar, The Middle
East and Islamic World Reader,
reading #25c while the Geneva text is on:
Gerner, Deborah J., One Land,
Two People: The Conflict Over Palestine
(Boulder, CO: Westview, 1991). Excellent
Gettleman/Schaar, The Middle East and
Islamic World Reader, chapter
V, offers a documented survey of the Palestinian-Zionist
cluding Herzl’s 1896 Jewish State,
early Arab perceptions of Zionism’s
dangers, The Balfour Declaration, documents
from the British man-
date, Vladimir Jabotinsky’s “Revisionism,”
the creation of Israel,
PLO and Hamas documents, accounts of the
first and second intifadas,
statements of Yitzhak Rabin, Yasser Arafat
and Ariel Sharon.
Hertzberg, Arthur, ed., The Zionist Idea:
A Historical Analysis and
Reader (New York: Jewish Publications Society, © 1959, reprint
ed., 1997). Major Zionist texts from early
ideologues to David
Khalidi, Rashid, Palestinian Identity:
the Construction of Modern
National Consciousness (New
York: Columbia University Press,
1998). An important scholarly study.
Quandt, William B., Peace Process: American
Diplomacy and the Arab-
Israeli Conflict Since
ed., Berkeley, CA: University
Press, 2001). An insider’s account of U.S. efforts to
mediate the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Said, Edward, The Question of Palestine (New York: Times Books,
1979). One of Said’s earliest and most comprehensive treatments
Sayigh, Yazid, Armed Struggle and the
Search for State: The Pales-
tinian Nationalist Movement,
York: Oxford Univer-
sity Press, 1999). General survey of
the Palestinian struggle for
statehood, with an excellent bibliography.
Ayubi, Nazih, Political
Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World
(New York: Routledge, 1991).
A highly intelligent and well-
informed analysis of Islamic
Beinin, Joel and Joe Stork, eds., Political
Islam: Essays from Mid-
dle East Report (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press,
1997). Collection of essays from Middle
East Report (see p. 1).
Burke, Jason, Al-Qaeda: Casting a Shadow
of Terror (London: I.B.
Tauris, 2003). A nuanced and complex portrait of al-Qaeda and other
Islamic extremist groups.
Sprinzak, Ehud, Brother Against Brother:
Violence and Extremism in
Israeli Politics from
Altalena to the Rabin Assassination (New
Press, 1991). A well-researched study of Zionist fundamentalist
THE WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND IRAQ & U.S. POLICIES
Dudziak, Mary L., ed., September 11 in
History: A Watershed Moment?
(Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2003). A set
of highly nuanced,
and diverse answers to the subtitle’s
question by a high-level
group of lawyers and historians.
Falk, Richard A., The Great Terror War (Northampton, MA:
Branch Press, 2002). Milbank Professor
Emeritus of International
Law at Princeton University, Falk asks
where the U.S. war on terror-
ism will take us. See his provocative
essay on “Global Patriotism”
in Gettleman/Schaar, Middle East and
Islamic World, reading 35c.
Greenwald, Robert, Uncovered (2003). A
powerful documentary film re-
vealing the deceptions and distortions used by the Bush administra-
tion to “sell” its Iraq War. Available through www.MoveOn.Org
Hiro, Dilip, Iraq: In the Eye of the
Storm (New York: Thunder’s Mouth
Press /Nation Books, 2002). Seasoned
reporter and author of 24
books, in this one Hiro explores how twelve
years of U.N. sanctions
making the Iraqi population totally dependent
on the Baath Party-controlled Iraqi state.
Lifton, Robert Jay, Superpower Syndrome: America’s
frontation with the World (New
York: Thunder’s Mouth Press/Nation
Books, 2003). The eminent psycho-historian
and a National Book
Award winner, explores two apocalyptic
visions -- one Islamist, the
other American -- caught in a cycle of
Meyerowitz, Joanne, ed., History and September
11, Special Issue of
The Journal of American History (Sept,
2002), a diverse and often
penetrating and insightful set of essays
by American historians.
Purdum, Todd S. and the staff of The
New York Times, A Time of Our
War in Iraq (New
York: Times Books/Henry
Holt, 2003). Far from the last word on
this subject, this Times his-
tory is far more useful than the triumphalist
military account by
Williamson Murray and Robert H. Scales, Jr., The Iraq War (Cam-
bridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University
Rampton, Sheldon and John Stauber, Weapons
of Mass Deception: The
Uses of Propaganda in
Bush’s War on Iraq (New York: Tarcher, 2003),.
and Scheer, Christopher, Robert Scheer and Lakshmi Chaudhry, The
Five Biggest Lies Bush Told Us About Iraq (Brooklyn
and New York:
Akashic/Seven Stories Press, 2003). Exposés
of the use of the mass
media to defendthe U.S. invasion
and occupation of Iraq.
Reiff, David, “Blueprint for a Mess,” New
York Times Magazine, Nov
2, 2003; Packer, George “War After the
War,” New Yorker, Nov 23,
2003; and Danner, Mark, “Delusions in Baghdad,” New
of Books Dec.
18, 2003. Three hard-hitting accounts by diligent U.S.
journalists covering Iraq in
the period after the Bush administra-
declared “victory” there.
* * *
[This bibliography will be periodically updated on the
Against the War website: www.historiansagainstwar.org,
tion about the organization may be found along with
how to become a member]
[Thanks to Dan Schrecker for graphic design assistance. –
S.S. & M.E.G.]